Islamic community in Russia and its development
Posted March 1, 2008on:
Islam is the second biggest religion in Russia. There are almost 20 million Muslims and 4750 mosques existing in all over Russia, in the report on 2001. This amount will be increased year by year. Nevertheless, there is no agreement on exact number of Muslims. It means that Muslims play an important role in developing process, both in political and economic process. Besides, Russian government also permits the building of some Islamic schools and institutions.
Muslims population lives in the several territorial divisions, such as Tatarstan, Bashkortostan, Chechnya, Dagestan, Ingushetia, Kabardino-Balkaria, and Karachaevo-, Cherkessia. Some of them also live in two biggest cities in Russia, namely Moscow and St. Petersburg. In 1995, Islamic community found the Union of Muslim of Russia (UMR) which is lead by Imam Khatyb Mukaddas from Tatarstan. UMR is an organization that accommodates all of Muslim of Russia’s interest.
The majority of Russian Muslims adhere to the Hanafi School, except those in Dagestan who follow the Maleki School. Some of the rest follow Salafi and Wahabi. The process of development Muslim Russian began since Mikhail Gorbachev reforms in 1987. At that time, Russia had not succeeded in eliminating the influence of Islam among its Muslim populations. On the contrary, certain Muslims practices had survived.
UMR plays an important role in developing Muslim community in Russia. Muslim Russia can participate in political practice and other social and economic activities. Regarding the existence of Muslim, Vladimir Putin, the president of Russia, makes some policy that tend to pro-Islam, such as Russia become the observer of Organization of Islamic countries Conference, government also lets Muslims to join actively in national Islamic conference.
 Ria Novosti/I-1 – Media Indonesia 13 Juli 2005. http://www.mualaf.com/modules.php%3Fname%3DNews%26file%3Dprint%26sid%3D136+komunitas+islam+di+rusia&hl=id&ct=clnk&cd=2&gl=id